Josien Pluim studied Computer Science at the University of Groningen and graduated in 1996, specializing in Scientific Computing and Imaging. Having done the research for her master\'s thesis at the Image Sciences Institute, she was bribed into staying as a PhD candidate. Her research project involved multimodality image registration, focusing on mutual information as the registration measure. In June 2001, she received her PhD degree.
She is Professor of Medical Image Analysis at Eindhoven University of Technology, in combination with a part-time position at the Image Sciences Institute. She is associate editor of the IEEE Transactions on Medical Imaging, IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Enigineering, Medical Physics, SPIE Journal of Medical Imaging and Medical Image Analysis. She chaired the Workshop on Biomedical Image Registration (WBIR) 2006, was programme co-chair of MICCAI 2010 and chair of the Image Processing conference of SPIE Medical Imaging (2006-2009).