Contralateral parenchymal enhancement on breast MRI before and during neoadjuvant endocrine therapy in relation to the preoperative endocrine prognostic index

Ragusi, Max A A, Loo, Claudette E, van der Velden, Bas H M, Wesseling, Jelle, Linn, Sabine C, Beets-Tan, Regina G, Elias, Sjoerd G, Gilhuijs, Kenneth G A


European Radiology 30 (12), p. 6740-6748


OBJECTIVES: To investigate whether contralateral parenchymal enhancement (CPE) on MRI during neoadjuvant endocrine therapy (NET) is associated with the preoperative endocrine prognostic index (PEPI) of ER+/HER2- breast cancer.

METHODS: This retrospective observational cohort study included 40 unilateral ER+/HER2- breast cancer patients treated with NET. Patients received NET for 6 to 9 months with MRI response monitoring after 3 and/or 6 months. PEPI was used as endpoint. PEPI is based on surgery-derived pathology (pT- and pN-stage, Ki67, and ER-status) and stratifies patients in three groups with distinct prognoses. Mixed effects and ROC analysis were performed to investigate whether CPE was associated with PEPI and to assess discriminatory ability.

RESULTS: The median patient age was 61 (interquartile interval: 52, 69). Twelve patients had PEPI-1 (good prognosis), 15 PEPI-2 (intermediate), and 13 PEPI-3 (poor). High pretreatment CPE was associated with PEPI-3: pretreatment CPE was 39.4% higher on average (95% CI = 1.3, 91.9%; p = .047) compared with PEPI-1. CPE decreased after 3 months in PEPI-2 and PEPI-3. The average reduction was 24.4% (95% CI = 2.6, 41.3%; p = .032) in PEPI-2 and 29.2% (95% CI = 7.8, 45.6%; p = .011) in PEPI-3 compared with baseline. Change in CPE was predictive of PEPI-1 vs PEPI-2+3 (AUC = 0.77; 95% CI = 0.57, 0.96).

CONCLUSIONS: CPE during NET is associated with PEPI-group in ER+/HER2- breast cancer: a high pretreatment CPE and a decrease in CPE during NET were associated with a poor prognosis after NET on the basis of PEPI.

KEY POINTS: • Change in contralateral breast parenchymal enhancement on MRI during neoadjuvant endocrine therapy distinguished between patients with a good and intermediate/poor prognosis at final pathology. • Patients with a poor prognosis at final pathology showed higher baseline parenchymal enhancement on average compared to patients with a good prognosis. • Patients with an intermediate/poor prognosis at final pathology showed a higher average reduction in parenchymal enhancement after 3 months of neoadjuvant endocrine therapy.