Are contralateral parenchymal enhancement on dynamic contrast-enhanced MRI and genomic ER-pathway activity in ER-positive/HER2-negative breast cancer related?

van der Velden, Bas H M, Bismeijer, Tycho, Canisius, Sander, Loo, Claudette E, Lips, Esther H, Wesseling, Jelle, Viergever, Max A, Wessels, Lodewyk F A, Gilhuijs, Kenneth G A


European Journal of Radiology 121


Purpose: To retrospectively explore the relation between parenchymal enhancement of the healthy contralateral breast on dynamic contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and genomic tests for estrogen receptor (ER)-pathway activity in patients with ER-positive/HER2-negative cancer. Methods: A subset of 227 consecutively included patients with unilateral invasive ER-positive/HER2-negative breast cancer underwent dynamic contrast-enhanced MRI prior to breast-conserving therapy between 2000 and 2008. Perfusion of the parenchyma in the healthy breast was assessed using a previously reported measure of contralateral parenchymal enhancement (CPE), consisting of the mean of the top-10% late enhancement. ER-pathway activity was assessed from the surgical resection specimen by the previously reported sensitivity to endocrine therapy (SET)-index and ER-factor. The SET-index is a genetic test to estimate survival benefit from endocrine therapy, consisting of genes related to the ESR1 gene. The ER-factor examines other factors as well including protein expression. The relation between CPE and ER-pathway activity was modeled using linear regression. Results: Patients had a median age of 59 years. CPE was not significantly associated with the SET-index (R-squared = 0.005) nor the ER-factor (R-squared = 0.0002). The only variable significantly different between low and high CPE was age at diagnosis (P < 0.001). Conclusions: Contralateral parenchymal enhancement on dynamic contrast-enhanced MRI was not associated with tumor-derived estrogen receptor pathway activity.