publication

Image Quality of Virtual Monochromatic Reconstructions of Noncontrast CT on a Dual-Source CT Scanner in Adult Patients

van Ommen, Fasco, Kauw, Frans, Bennink, E, Heit, Jeremy J, Wolman, Dylan N., Dankbaar, Jan Willem, de Jong, H.W.A.M., Wintermark, Max

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.acra.2020.05.038

Academic Radiology

Abstract

Rationale and Objectives
To evaluate the image quality of virtual monochromatic images (VMI) reconstructed from dual-energy dual-source noncontrast head CT with different reconstruction kernels.

Materials and Methods
Twenty-five consecutive adult patients underwent noncontrast dual-energy CT. VMI were retrospectively reconstructed at 5-keV increments from 40 to 140 keV using quantitative and head kernels. CT-number, noise levels (SD), signal-to-noise ratio (SNR), and contrast-to-noise ratio (CNR) in the gray and white matter and artifacts using the posterior fossa artifact index (PFAI) were evaluated.

Results
CT-number increased with decreasing VMI energy levels, and SD was lowest at 85 keV. SNR was maximized at 80 keV and 85 keV for the head and quantitative kernels, respectively. CNR was maximum at 40 keV; PFAI was lowest at 90 (head kernel) and 100 (quantitative kernel) keV. Optimal VMI image quality was significantly better than conventional CT.

Conclusion
Optimal image quality of VMI energies can improve brain parenchymal image quality compared to conventional CT but are reconstruction kernel dependent and depend on indication for performing noncontrast CT.