Toward Simultaneous Real-Time Fluoroscopic and Nuclear Imaging in the Intervention Room

Beijst, Casper, Elschot, Mattijs, Viergever, Max A, de Jong, Hugo W A M


Radiology 278 (1), p. 232-238


Purpose To investigate the technical feasibility of hybrid simultaneous fluoroscopic and nuclear imaging. Materials and Methods An x-ray tube, an x-ray detector, and a gamma camera were positioned in one line, enabling imaging of the same field of view. Since a straightforward combination of these elements would block the lines of view, a gamma camera setup was developed to be able to view around the x-ray tube. A prototype was built by using a mobile C-arm and a gamma camera with a four-pinhole collimator. By using the prototype, test images were acquired and sensitivity, resolution, and coregistration error were analyzed. Results Nuclear images (two frames per second) were acquired simultaneously with fluoroscopic images. Depending on the distance from point source to detector, the system resolution was 1.5-1.9-cm full width at half maximum, the sensitivity was (0.6-1.5) × 10(-5) counts per decay, and the coregistration error was -0.13 to 0.15 cm. With good spatial and temporal alignment of both modalities throughout the field of view, fluoroscopic images can be shown in grayscale and corresponding nuclear images in color overlay. Conclusion Measurements obtained with the hybrid imaging prototype device that combines simultaneous fluoroscopic and nuclear imaging of the same field of view have demonstrated the feasibility of real-time simultaneous hybrid imaging in the intervention room. (©) RSNA, 2015 Online supplemental material is available for this article.