publication

Respiratory- and cardiac-triggered three-dimensional sheath inked rapid acquisition with refocused echoes imaging (SHINKEI) of the abdomen for magnetic resonance neurography of the celiac plexus

Ferrer, Cyril J, Bos, Clemens, Yoneyama, Masami, Obara, Makoto, Kok, Lisanne, van Leeuwen, Maarten S, Bleys, Ronald L A W, Moonen, Chrit T W, Bartels, Lambertus W

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1186/s41747-019-0095-4

European radiology experimental 3 (1), p. 14

Abstract

The visualisation of the celiac plexus using respiratory- and cardiac-triggered three-dimensional (3D) sheath inked rapid acquisition with refocused echoes imaging (SHINKEI) was evaluated. After ethical approval and written informed consent, eight volunteers (age 27 ± 5 years, mean ± standard deviation) were scanned at 1.5 and 3 T. Displacement of the celiac ganglia due to aortic pulsatility was studied on axial single-slice breath-hold balanced turbo field-echo cine sequences in five volunteers and found to be 3.0 ± 0.5 mm (left) and 3.1 ± 0.4 mm (right). Respiratory- and cardiac-triggered 3D SHINKEI images were compared to respiratory- and cardiac-triggered fat-suppressed 3D T2-weighted turbo spin-echo and respiratory-triggered 3D SHINKEI in all volunteers. Visibility of the celiac ganglia was rated by three radiologists as visible or non-visible. On 3D SHINKEI with double-triggering at 1.5 T, the left and right ganglia were seen by all observers in 7/8 and 8/8 volunteers, respectively. At 3 T, this was the case for 6/8 and 7/8 volunteers, respectively. The nerve-to-muscle signal ratio increased from 1.9 ± 0.5 on fat-suppressed 3D T2-weighted turbo spin-echo to 4.7 ± 0.8 with 3D SHINKEI. Anatomical validation was performed in a human cadaver. An expert in anatomy confirmed that the hyperintense structure visible on ex vivo 3D SHINKEI scans was the celiac plexus. In conclusion, double-triggering allowed visualisation of the celiac plexus using 3D SHINKEI at both 1.5 T and 3 T.