A planning strategy for combined motion-assisted/gated MR guided focused ultrasound treatment of the pancreas

Ferrer, Cyril Jacques, Bos, Clemens, de Senneville, Baudouin Denis, Borman, Pim, Stemkens, Bjorn, Tijssen, Rob, Moonen, Chrit, Bartels, Lambertus


International journal of hyperthermia : the official journal of European Society for Hyperthermic Oncology, North American Hyperthermia Group 36 (1), p. 702-711


Objective: To develop and evaluate a combined motion-assisted/gated MRHIFU heating strategy designed to accelerate the treatment procedure by reducing the required number of sonications to ablate a target volume in the pancreas. Methods: A planning method for combined motion-assisted/gated MRHIFU using 4D-MRI and motion characterization is introduced. Six healthy volunteers underwent 4D-MRI for target motion characterization on a 3.0-T clinical scanner. Using displacement patterns, simulations were performed for all volunteers for three sonication approaches: gated, combined motion-assisted/gated, and static. The number of sonications needed to ablate the pancreas head was compared. The influence of displacement amplitude and target volume size was investigated. Spherical target volumes (8, 15, 20 and 34 mL) and displacement amplitudes ranging from 5 to 25 mm were evaluated. For this case, the number of sonications required to ablate the whole target was determined. Results: The number of required sonications was lowest for a static target, 62 on average (range 49-78). The gated approach required most sonications, 126 (range 97-159). The combined approach was almost as efficient as the hypothetical static case, with an average of 78 (range 53-123). Simulations showed that with a 5-mm displacement amplitude, the target could be treated by making use of motion-assisted MRHIFU sonications only. In that case, this approach allowed the lowest number of sonication, while for 10 mm and above, the number of required sonications increased. Conclusion: The use of a combined motion-assisted/gated MRHIFU strategy may accelerate tumor ablation in the pancreas when respiratory-induced displacement amplitudes are between 5 and 10 mm.