publication

Neonatal DTI early after birth predicts motor outcome in preterm infants with periventricular hemorrhagic infarction

Roze, Elise, Benders, Manon J., Kersbergen, Karina J., Van Der Aa, Niek E., Groenendaal, Floris, Van Haastert, Ingrid C., Leemans, A, De Vries, Linda S.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/pr.2015.94

Pediatric Research 78 (3), p. 298-303

Abstract

Background:To determine the association between early neonatal diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) and the development of unilateral spastic cerebral palsy (USCP) in preterm infants with periventricular hemorrhagic infarction (PVHI).Methods:Preterm infants with PVHI were assessed with early (≤4 wk after birth) and term-equivalent age MRI-DTI. Involvement of corticospinal tracts was assessed by visual assessment of the posterior limb of the internal capsule (PLIC) on DTI (classified asymmetrical, equivocal, or symmetrical) and by an atlas-based approach calculating fractional anisotropy asymmetry index in the PLIC. Motor outcome was assessed at ≥15 mo corrected age.Results:Seven out of 23 infants with PVHI developed USCP. Their PLIC was visually scored as asymmetrical in 6 and equivocal in 1 on the early DTI. Thirteen out of 16 infants with a symmetrical motor development had a symmetrical PLIC on early DTI, the remaining 3 were equivocal. All infants with USCP had a fractional anisotropy asymmetry index of >0.05 (optimal cut-off value) on early DTI. In infants with a symmetrical motor development (n = 16), 14 had an asymmetry index ≤0.05 while 2 had an index >0.05.Conclusion:DTI in preterm infants with PVHI within a few weeks after birth is associated with later motor development.