Improving the Quality of Cerebral Perfusion Maps With Monoenergetic Dual-Energy Computed Tomography Reconstructions

van Ommen, Fasco, Bennink, E, Dankbaar, Jan Willem, Kauw, Frans, de Jong, H.W.A.M.


Journal of Computer Assisted Tomography


Objective We compared 40- to 70-keV virtual monoenergetic to conventional computed tomography (CT) perfusion reconstructions with respect to quality of perfusion maps. Methods Conventional CT perfusion (CTP) images were acquired at 80 kVp in 25 patients, and 40- to 70-keV images were acquired with a dual-layer CT at 120 kVp in 25 patients. First, time-attenuation-curve contrast-to-noise ratio was assessed. Second, the perfusion maps of both groups were qualitatively analyzed by observers. Last, the monoenergetic reconstruction with the highest quality was compared with the clinical standard 80-kVp CTP acquisitions. Results Contrast-to-noise ratio was significantly better for 40 to 60 keV as compared with 70 keV and conventional images (P < 0.001). Visually, the difference between the blood volume maps among reconstructions was minimal. The 50-keV perfusion maps had the highest quality compared with the other monoenergetic and conventional maps (P < 0.002). Conclusions The quality of 50-keV CTP images is superior to the quality of conventional 80- and 120-kVp images.